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# Implementing Universal Design for Learning on Canvas

Posted by Eric Moore Oct 16, 2017

## What is Universal Design for Learning?

Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is a framework for designing multiple and flexible strategies for learning experiences that are effective for our variable and diverse students. UDL puts emphasis on the role of the environment on enabling or disabling learners, rather than negatively labeling students themselves.

How do instructors go about developing environments in which variable students may thrive without sacrificing rigor and challenge? That's what UDL seeks to accomplish. Two ways to understand UDL are linear and radial.

#### Linear process of UDL design

A linear understanding of UDL focuses on the whole instructional design process. According to UDL, good instruction doesn't start with determining material or instructional methods, but with good, clear learning objectives and progresses through faithful delivery and reflection.

1. Establish clear outcomes
2. Anticipate learner variability
3. Design assessments
4. Design the instructional experience (methods & materials)
5. Deliver and reflect

#### Radial approach to UDL application

A radial view of UDL is all about expansion of the learning experience to improve the outcomes for all learners. In this view, the practice of UDL is framed by a three-principle approach. Instructors ought to provide:

• Multiple means of representationto enable options for how learners acquire and comprehend information.
• Multiple means of action and expression, to enable options for how learners interact, communicate, and express their knowledge.
• Multiple means of engagement, to tap into learners' variable interests, provide appropriate levels of challenge, and increase motivation.

These principles form the top line of the UDL guidelines.

In so doing, instructors recognize that not all students learn in the same way, that traditional instruction tends to be narrow in terms of flexibility in methods and materials, and that increasing options and flexibility in how students acquire information, express themselves, and engage in the learning means more students are able to experience optimal learning conditions, for the benefit of all.

These two ways of viewing UDL are both accurate. One focuses on the longitudinal design process, the other focuses in on how to expand who is included when designing assessments, materials and methods. As a dynamic framework involving both instructor and learner decision making, UDL is not a two-dimensional method (intervention - result), but a three-dimensional framework (e.g., instructor facilitation - student choices - result).

## UDL and Accessibility

Both the application of accessibility guidelines and the UDL design framework are intended to ensure equitable access for a variable range of students (e.g., ability/disability, interests/motivation, background knowledge/skill). Both call for proactive (design-oriented) strategies as opposed to reactive (e.g., accommodation-oriented) approaches. And ultimately, applying both will have the furthest-reaching benefit for your students, as depicted below.

## Why UDL?

The best reason to invest time in UDL in higher education is because it works. Designing with UDL means improved effectiveness of instruction and -ultimately- efficiency for the learners and instructor alike. We know that at the University of Tennessee, some student groups are currently less likely to engage in a given class, learn in traditional ways, and ultimately graduate. UDL provides us with a framework to remove barriers for all of our students without sacrificing rigor.

#### Is UDL supported by theory and research?

Yes! A great deal of it!

In terms of the linear design process, UDL draws from strong foundational theory including the works of Piaget, Vygotsky, and Bloom, who drew from similar principles for framing individual differences and the teaching strategies for addressing them. Additionally, this design process overlays with established best practices for design from the fields of instructional design and universal design (originally an architectural concept).

In terms of the radial approach to UDL application, the UDL principles and guidelines are supported by over 800 peer reviewed research articles, provide benchmarks that guide educators in the development and implementation of UDL curriculum. UDL doesn't create new methods of teaching and learning, but rather organizes and frames established best practices according to recent developments in neuroscience and cognitive sciences regarding how humans learn.

## Get Stated with UDL

Getting started with UDL can seem daunting. But UDL practitioners will be the first to point out that UDL implementation is about starting small and scaling up. What matters most is a willingness to jump in and get going. So what are some small ways to start?

The authors of UDL on Campus compiled these tips for getting started from those practicing UDL in higher education:

• Start with small steps and select a specific challenge or issue.
• You don't need to start with sweeping changes all at once. Think about each lesson and make small changes.
• Start with tight learning goals for your students and then provide multiple ways for them to access content materials.
• Have students help drive the changes. Have them be partners in the learning. They can be a great help to understanding what they need to be more successful.
• Think about how each assignment can be influenced by the guidelines, provide multiple ways to access the information, multiple ways that students can demonstrate their understanding and multiple ways to engage with the curriculum.
• Enlist the help of other faculty, talk with each other about your experiences implementing UDL.
• Listen to a podcast from Teaching in Higher Ed where Bonni Stachowiak, Ed.D speaks with Mark Hofer, Ph.D. about his experience in implementing UDL in his teaching (para. 3).

## Want More Support / Professional Development?

• I am a specialist in UDL implementation particularly in higher education and in Canvas and available for consults (view my website).
• Other consults can be discovered via the UDL Nexus.

# What Should I Name  Him/Her?

Posted by mworden@coastline.edu Oct 13, 2017

# 4 Tools for Checking Your Canvas Course for Errors

Posted by Doug Holton Oct 13, 2017

Sometimes I'll forget about one or more of these tools when building a course, so I thought I'd list them here as a reminder for others, too.  Use all of these tools both while you are building your Canvas course and after you build your course.  I've also included some tips at the bottom to reduce the number of errors and technical issues with your Canvas course.

Especially when you are working on more than one course at a time, you may copy and paste or share things between different courses.  This may cause links or images to break for students if they link back to a different course that you have access to but not the students.  You may re-use an older course which has links that no longer work.  You may accidentally link to a page that you forgot to publish.  The Course Link Validator in Canvas will check for issues like these.  You can access it by going to your course Settings and then 'Validate Links in Content.'  See How do I validate links in a course?

## 2. Student View

By default when you create and add things such as pages, quizzes, assignments, and discussions, they are not published.  That means students will not be able to see them, even though you can.  Modules with unpublished items are considered to be in a "Draft State."  See How do I use Draft State in Assignments?

You may also set requirements and prerequisites or unlock dates for modules or availability dates for assignments that inadvertently block access for students at the wrong time.  Again, you will be able to see and access the modules and assignments just fine, but your students will not.

By going to Settings and then 'Student View,' you can test for these issues by viewing your course as a student.  See How do I view a course using a test student?

You might see if it is also possible to add fake student accounts to your course to test out your course from a student account more fully.  See How do I add numerous Test Students to my course?

## 3. Canvas App

You've spent hours making your course look beautiful.  Lots of images, tables, videos, and other interactive features.  Hopefully early on in the process, however, you regularly check what your course looks like in the Canvas app for Android or iPhone/iPad.  You may be shocked to see that that table or image you used has made the rest of the page shrink down to microscopic levels.  Those image buttons that lined up so perfectly on your computer are all out of whack or barely visible in the app.  That Flash widget you added to a page may not even be visible in the app, and that video may be so tiny as to be unwatchable.

Why should you care about how your course looks in the Canvas app?  At UCF, they found that around 80% of students use the Canvas app every week to access their courses.

See the tips below for some techniques to prevent these types of issues before they happen.

## 4. UDOIT and/or Screen Reader

Your school may not have UDOIT installed, but it is a free third-party LTI tool for Canvas that will scan your course for accessibility issues such as images without alt tags, tables without header rows, and issues with colored text.  Don't be surprised if UDOIT finds 80-100 errors or more in a course you are working on.  UDOIT makes it relatively quick to fix most of these errors, but see the tips below to prevent some of them from even happening.

As an alternative or supplement to UDOIT, test out your course with a Screen Reader, such as NVDA or Claro Read for Chrome or PC.  Officially supported screen readers for Canvas are listed on this page: Accessibility within Canvas

## Reducing the Number of Errors before They Happen

2. Images - When inserting an image, always remember to set the alt text with a description of what is in the image, for screen readers.  If you want to embed a very large image, consider reducing its size using an image editor such as Pixlr first. See: How do I embed images from Canvas into the Rich Content Editor?
3. Tables - When inserting a table, always set a header row and/or column in the table properties, for accessibility purposes and screen readers.  I would recommend never setting the width or height of the table to a fixed value.  If you dragged to resize a table, then it set it to a fixed width.  This will end up looking very bad in the Canvas app.  As an alternative, either keep the width property empty, or set it to a percentage value like 100% or 80%.  I would recommend reducing the number of columns, also, if you use tables at all.  More than four columns become very small on a mobile device.  See this article for information about the different table properties you can set: How do I insert a table using the Rich Content Editor?  Go to 'row properties' to set a row as a header row.
4. Text Color - If you ever change the color of text, also change the style to bold or a header, for accessibility purposes. See: How do I style text content in the Rich Content Editor?   If you change the text color and/or the background color of a table, check that the color contrast is sufficient using this Color Contrast Checker from WebAIM.
5. Videos - When inserting videos, make sure there are captions (and ideally a transcript), and also check that in the Canvas app, the video plays full-screen, or at least that it is not so tiny as to be unwatchable.  You can use the 'public resources' tool, if available, to embed youtube or other videos. See: Embedding Content Using the Public Resources LTI   Otherwise if you paste in a Youtube link or use the chain link icon, see the 'alt text for inline preview' information also on this page: How do I link to a YouTube video in the Rich Content Editor?
6. Flash - Just, don't do it. Check that any widgets or interactive things you embed in your course do not use Flash.  Even Adobe, who makes Flash, is discontinuing it completelyH5P is one alternative free tool for adding some interactivity to your course.

# More than Canvas LMS

Posted by Kristian 505_STF Still Oct 9, 2017

It has been a slow and exciting week for me with Canvas. I had a session booked with David Norton from Instructure UK, to go over a handful of Canvas features. What I have learnt is that there really is a great team and a lot more support behind Canvas than I was aware of. The session with David followed a conversation via Linkedin and here we were, two instructure getting a personal thirty minute lesson.

David Rogers (Hindhead Campus colleague and fellow Canvas pioneer)  and I had chatted a little about the role of groups and how this might work to promote cross campus conversations, how peer feedback and multi-peer feedback looks from the students perspectice and lastly we wanted to know a little more about schedulers. David was brilliant. Knowledgeable and honest - if he didn't know (which wasn't often) he told us so.

What David did not know about groups, really was not worth knowing. The main learning point here was our conversatoins over manually versus automatically assignment students.

Via David display installation he was able to show us the students view of peer feedback and multi-peer feedback, highlightly how rubrics may be utlised. He even knew about the pending ideas over at Canvas Studio for the addition of self-assessment rubrics.  An idea currently in "Product Radar."

We talked a little about a few UX challenges for novice learners using templates with which he has some experience. All round, a very useful 40 minutes and much appreciated.

### Cue confusion...

Then, somehow, I get a message from "Community Panda" emailing me from Stefanie Sanders laptop?

I've stolen her computer...again! She hates it when I do this!

To cut a long story short, I have been asked to contribute to a CanvasLIVE event called "Community Showcase" on November 1.

"Sure, why not." I said. "On what?"

As I mentioned earlier, the subtopic we have in mind for you centers around your "Beyond Attractive." blog post.

"Okay. Time zones permitting."

That left me food for thought. I could remember what Beyond Attractive was about. I had to re-read the post.

# Ensure Quality Online Professional Learning Courses

Posted by Stephen Simpson Sep 28, 2017

I thought some of you might be interested in a presentation that I delivered earlier this week at Quality Matters 'Connect' conference in nearby Ft. Worth. The session focused on how we're using the Continuing Professional Education (CPE) standards as the foundation of a certification course that staff developers are required to complete before they can design and deliver online professional learning courses in our school district.

If you are interested, you can access the session presentation in a publicly-visible Canvas course. Access the course.

As an aside, there were many, many Canvas institutions represented and presenting at the event! You can access many of the resources on Twitter at #QMConnect.

# A metaphor for novice Canvas instructors

Posted by Kristian 505_STF Still Sep 24, 2017

It has been a busy week here at school and we still managed to find time for Canvas. More thinking time than action, equally important. Our Teaching and Learning lead has eployed Canvas as a platform for... learning about our teaching model and... learning about Canvas. I certainly support the notion that course designers benefit from appreciating the perspective of a student. Apart from the professional learning and interactions themselves, Canvas enables our part time and absent staff to engage at a time and place convenient for them.

For FLT readers, we know that there is a typo in the course name - we did not set it up. Ticket logged.

In the first week, staff were introduced to the course and the three compopnent parts; information, discussion and assignment. I have to say that the content and links in one "simple page" made for a rich and challenging learning experience. A handful of thought pieces about the topic, one upload file, one file reflecting back to our INSET day at the beginning of term*, and two links (which opened up a handful of links) ad infinitum and so the super highway of knowledge presented itself. The discussion enabled staff to reflect and share, with instructor comments poking and prodding, encouraging reflections on reflections. There really is little more required. If you want to see successful, minimalist comparative learning I can attest that FutureLearn does this brilliantly.
* I must admit I have found uploaded Powerpoints in Canvas somehow distorts the slides? Our course instructor had coverted the PPT to a PDF. I much preferred the responsiveness and presentation of embedded PDF. Though in this example there wasn't learning conveyed in the animations of the PPT itself.

### Next steps

This week our professional learning included a review from the previous week plus;
1. Canvas submission
2. Discussion – check back and respond.
3. Quiz – complete (employed as survey tool to find out what staff wanted to focus on next.)
4. Plus, based on the discussion comments, additional articles to review and discuss.
So far so good. Everything is dated. The majority of links are presented visually (AdobeSpark and images) creating an attractive interface. Assignments are a little slow coming in, so we need to make this our focus. The resource of time needs to be managed.

### Canvas Hurdle

Participating rather than designing and leading has certainly help garner support and gain momentum. That said, a few staff are still finding the concept of blended learning and building a Canvas course daunting. This left me thinking how I could convey the framing of course design and building a course. The idea of a learning metaphor is frequently promoted and used by teaching staff / instructors themselves. Connecting staff's understanding to what is currently known helps almost all learners.
Generative metaphors and proverbs both derive their power from a clever substitution: They substitute something easy to think about for something difficult. Chip Heath, Made to Stick

I spent some time thinkig about a Canvas course metaphor and expanded upon it to make it a visual and practical experince. Learning from Cognitive Load Theory and the Curse of Knowledge I marked out the key learning milestones; the course, modules, content, assignments and discussions. The basics of our Self-Directed Learning delivery; assignment, study, lesson.

I then added "mini milestones" or check points to the metaphor, including a check point prior to the start of the metaphor. Teaching me that we really do take knowledge for granted. Extending and slowing the conversation.

Standing outside our school entrance I told my colleague that Canvas was like our school and that you had to login, much like our signing in at our main reception. "Once sign-in, you have arrived at your dashboard." I said proudly with a smile.

"Yes. I think so."

Then, as we walked past different classrooms, "There are lots of courses on your dashboard," I told her. Pausing, standing outside the Art room - I told said "This is your course... So good, so far?" I was welcomed with a smile. "Yes, so good, so far."

"You are the course instructure. Students have to be enrolled in a course." (It was then I realised that I had missed two mini milestone - the roles, instructure and student, and enrollment.) "Good news, your students are enrolled automatically for you."

"Click" I said as I entered the room". Inside the classroom, I had laid out the tables as four group areas. "These tables are your modules... how many modules do your have?" "Four," she correctly answered. "Good."

"Just like a classroom, you can make a course look attractive. Some posters on the the wall, a noticeboard to make annoucements. It is no different on Canvas. (Another missed mini-milesone - announcement) Announcements and some welcoming images. It is just the same." I checked again. "We good?"

"Yep! we are good so far."

"So to recap. Login. Dashboard. Course. Students. Modules."

On the tables I had placed 4 large art trays. In one of the trays I had placed a bunch of art resources (highlighter, glue, staple gun, ruler). In one tray a bunch of sheets of paper. In hindsight I would use a different colour tray.

"These trays represent your course pages." I checked for understanding.

"These are the resources that you have uploaded to the course."

"I know how to do that." She said.

"Or you can also link to a whole range of learning assets. A webpage, a video a podcast for example. Happy?" A yes nod and a "Yep."

"You decide where the resources go. You can reorder them." And I physically moved the resources. "You can move them to different modules if you like." I said physically moving the tray to another table. "You can even reorder the modules." And I was stopped abruptly in my tracks by her expression.

A pause.

"Yes. Okay, I think.What's that?" She asked, pointing to a large black A2 art book. "Why is it not in a yellow tray?"

"That art book represents an assignment. We will come to assignments in just a minute. Before we do, lets just talk about discussions."

"Over here in this tray we have sheets of paper. It represents a discussion. These are excellent for student reflection and enquiry..." We talked a little about the fact that your students are a resource for the course, for one another. About basic dates and settings but after the last expose on course order, I made sure not in great detail. We talked about the role of the instructure, prompting and prodding the conversation, which she connected quickly back to her experience of her own professional learning. All worthwhile.

"Okay, with content and discussion we have a learning experience. Lastly, the artbook. Ready?"

"Yes, I think so."

"So we have a course, modules, that hold the content and the discussions. Now the "assignment." The assignment is where students are told about what they need to do and where they submit their work. Again, like discussions there are some setting to review..." and rather than complicating the conversation I signposted the Canvas Guide pages.

Summary

"Okay, that is ALS; Assignment, Lesson Study. All together you have the core of a very powerful learning experience. You can signpost the Assignment task or any mini tasks you want to be assessed. You can added content. Your course outline, lesson titles, the learning aims and the teaching resources, files, videos, worksheets, all as content. Plus any additional resources and learning assets, you want your students to be exposed to, to Study. That is quite a lot. Okay."

"I think so, I mean, I will need to look into it."

"Of course," I said confidentially, "Lastly, everything is under your control. You control what your students see."

Turning the light off/on I said. "The course is either (lights off) unpublished. Or published (light on). Unpublished (light off), published (light on)." I repeated. I decided not to explain that this is the same for all components and assets. The point was to suggest control. So, again, login, dashboard. Course and modules, that is the course frame. ALS, is the learning. Before you start to build, design what you want the students to do and experience. Make them so as much of the work as possible for themselves, for one another, so you can direct and mould the course experience."

I am hoping that this conversation will unpin her confidence to both design the learning and build a Canvas course. I am anticpating that with confidence and a little encouragement, and her own personal experiences of being a student in Canvas, staff will be more likely to adventure into the world of blended learning.

Next step - the skills audit and providing the skills and knowledge to exploit the features of Canvas. There is plenty of training opportunites to exploit.

#canvas design

# Reusing content in Syllabi, etc

Posted by Don Bryn Sep 22, 2017

## Overview:

A method for minimizing the work involved in copying and creating courses by reusing content using php and a database.

## Time wasters:

I have 14 different courses I teach and sometimes different versions of those courses (full-term, half-term, etc).  My current method includes some steps that are meant to be efficient (always open to efficiency suggestions), and some time-wasters:

• Every course has a sandbox so one-off changes to not affect future semesters.
• Ongoing changes are made to sandboxes at the same time I make the changes in the live course.
• For adjusting dates:  THIS IS THE BIGGEST TIME WASTER!  We need a better method for this in Canvas.
• I use James Jones's google spreadsheet (see here) to adjust dates first to get approximately close to the new semester.
• I open the calendar and add holidays, in-service days et al to my personal calendar.
• I view each course in the calendar and drag/drop assignments to finalize dates.
• I have an unpublished page at the top of every course called "Teacher Setup" where I keep notes of things inside the course that might need adjusted.  This is usually an instruction page that includes the day of the week that assignments are due.  This things are also usually highlighted so I can find them quickly.
• I open every syllabus and change the SAME information in each one:  term title/date, course withdrawal date, due dates for specific papers, etc.
• If there are any other changes to the syllabus for that particular course at any time, I have quite a few courses to open and verify that all syllabi are the same.  I also am responsible for making sure the adjuncts in my department update their syllabi to match.

This semester I decided to address the last 2 time-wasters:  Syllabus editing.

## A Solution:

I think quite a  bit like a programmer, so I realized that I need to understand which parts of the syllabus are course-specific, which are teacher-specific, which are semester-specific, and which are college-specific.

For Example:

• The semester date (Fall 2017) and withdrawal date are semester-specific.
• The teacher contact information is Teacher-specific.
• The course description and credit information is course-specific.
• All the legal mumbo-jumbo in the bottom are college-specific.

The next step was to realize that this could all be automated if the information was contained in separate locations (like a database) and pulled together when the page was created.   This just means a server-scripting language to create the page on-the-fly, so I used PHP because I'm familiar with it.

I created 3 tables:

• Teachers
• Courses
• Semesters

I created a PHP page that requires some information to be posted with the url request.   That means when you type "www.example.com", you add a question mark and the data you want to pass to the server like so:

"?teacher=bryn&semester=F17&course=MJJ1243"

The entire url looks like this:

www.example.com?teacher=bryn&semester=F17&course=MJJ1243

Then I created a php page (you have to find a place to host this page) in which I hard-coded the college-specific information.   I decided there was no need to place this in a database since this would be the same in every syllabi.  If I need to update college-specific legal wording, I can change it on this page and it will change in all my syllabi.

In this php page there are then php scripts that call the information needed from the database based on the data passed in the URL.   So if the url says "teacher=bryn", the page looks in the teacher table for "bryn" and pulls out my contact info and outputs it in the html page.

The same is done for course information and dates.   It took some playing with different methods to find what worked for me the best, but I ended up storing html code in the data base for each section.   The php page queries the database for information and if a specific piece of information doesn't exist for a particular course, then that section is left out of the syllabus.

The final step was to edit the syllabi to embed my php page in an iframe.  iframe are not a great choice because content is hosted off-site, but unless I have more flexibility (including coding) within Canvas, this is the only choice I have.  iframes are also tricky because height cannot be dynamically created so one has to guess a good height and put up with scroll bars when the page is too short or too narrow.  Still, this is such a time-saver that it is worth the slight annoyance of scroll bars.

From now on, when I start a new semester I have many fewer steps:

1. Create a new semester in the "semesters" database with relevant dates.  Takes about 30 seconds.
2. If there are any syllabi changes, make them in the database.  Changes here will be infrequent.
3. If the college's legal part of the syllabus has changed, make those changes in the php page.  Again, infrequent.

Then when I copy the sandbox I only need to edit one thing:  the url for the iframe in the syllabus.

I have to change:

www.example.com?teacher=bryn&semester=F17&course=MJJ1243

to this:

www.example.com?teacher=bryn&semester=S18&course=MJJ1243

That's it.  Easy-peasy, right?  Saves me about an hour each semester.

I realize most teachers do not know php or mysql, or have access to php and database hosting.   But for any of you who are programmers or admins, there might be some real advantages to this.  Imagine if all syllabi on your campus referred to a database for the legal info.   You would only have to make changes in ONE place and all syllabi across your campus would be updated.   Ditto for published course descriptions or teacher contact info.

And at the very least, I hope you find this interesting.

And now if only I can think of a way to handle assignment dates. . .

# Universal Design for Learning Principles in Canvas

Posted by John Martin Sep 21, 2017

For faculty development programs we're developing, we've been working at aligning UDL, Good Learning Principles (based on Gee's 13 principles), and Canvas Tools. I'm coming up with things like the following, but am interested in seeing what others are doing in this area.

Multiple Means of Engagement, Representation, and Expression for EMPOWERED LEARNERS

 CO-DESIGN strategies in CanvasRequire that students use a profile picture (how) and biographical information (how), so you and other students can get to know them. This will result in discussions that are more personally-connected to their interests and skills.Give each student a journal (how) or blog (example) where they can write about and develop their connection to the course topic. Even if they initially feel that there is no connection, by making this a weekly assignment, they will create a connection.Group students (how) or let students create their own groups (how) so they can create learning objects on course concepts.CUSTOMIZATION strategies in CanvasIncrease personalities by having students use a profile pic and biographical information (how) so they can better represent themselves and their interests to you and their classmates. This also helps you present content to better meet their individual needs.Show students how to change course nickname (how), course card color (how) and set notifications (how).Provide multiple forms of learning content — e.g. PDFs (how), interactive Google docs (how), videos (how), H5P games (how), pre-recorded lectures (how), etc. — so students can learn in ways that match their interests and needs.Provide multiple options for final project assignments (how) — e.g., papers, presentations, digital stories, websites) so students can express what they learned in ways that reinforce and develop their unique connections with the course content.IDENTITY strategies in CanvasUse Discussions for role-driven conversations or reading responses (how)Provide Group Space (how) for projects where students can contribute according to their existing skills — through interactions with each other on a topic, they will learn other perspectives related to the field.Include assignments, activities, or discussions that require practice within domain specific identity.MANIPULATION strategies in CanvasMaintain simple course interface (how) with tabs (how) and other options (how) so students can navigate easily (this implies the distributed knowledge of the instructor knowing good design principles to reduce cognitive load)Include hints/tips for both incorrect and correct answers of quizzes (how)Use discussions and embed Kaltura MediaSpace videos/podcasts (how) so students can control interaction and playback .Provide links to credible Internet sources — e.g. OER Commons app can be integrated in Canvas (how).

## WELL-ORDERED PROBLEMS strategies in Canvas

• Be sure your course Syllabus scaffolds (example) from topic to topic.
• For students, figuring out your expectations is an important primary problem. “Well-ordered” applies to developing the course map too.
• Be sure topics, Assignments, Quizzes, etc. are clear, logically-ordered, and easy to find.
• Be sure topics, Assignments, Quizzes, etc. are repeatedly and explicitly connected to clear course learning Outcomes (how).

## PLEASANTLY FRUSTRATING strategies in Canvas

• Use Piazza (how) to provide a “challenge of the day” (or week) of a wicked problem (what) being explored by colleagues in your field.
• Provide feedback (personal and general) following assessments using Rubrics in Speedgrader (how).
• Provide feedback for 1) correct, 2) incorrect, and 3) overall Quiz questions (1-min video).
• Use Rubrics (how) that have a difficult-to-reach upper limit.
• Do not underestimate your students; design Quizzes that get progressively more difficult.
• Students tend to challenge each other at a level that reasonably reflects the upper limits of their understanding. Challenge them to develop quiz questions for each other and use the Peer Grading/feedback tool.
• Develop low-stakes/high-difficulty practice tests (how).

## CYCLE OF EXPERTISE strategies in Canvas

• Include a variety of Practice Quizzes (how). Make it a regular and frequent part of the course.
• Provide skill practice time every day with low-stakes quizzes (why) that present challenges in a variety of ways.
• Point to, and have students explore inter-relations of systems in Outcomes and Rubrics to explicitly direct and keep students on track.
• Revisit use of skills cumulatively in quizzes and tests (why). Include earlier questions/concepts in later quizzes and tests.
• Have students learn skill techniques and tricks (and build on them) from each other in Discussion reflections (example).
• Have students work together on challenges to learn skills collaboratively.
• Encourage explorative thinking and failure through Discussions graded only on participation (and guide them to answers).
• Take time early in the class to show students how to navigate Canvas. Continue to provide tips on navigation and/or use of your course platform as you introduce new elements.
• Provide hints and feedback in Quizzes (how), to reinforce correct answers and re-teach after incorrect ones.
• Set up Piazza or Discussions for students to ask and answer questions for each other. Credit students for answering other's questions.
• Introduce needed skills for final assessment early and consistently (provide instructions relevant to task)
• Start with a difficult, but low-stakes pre-test that introduces the full complexity of what they will understand by the end of the course.
• Tie the pre-test closely to Outcomes and Rubrics.
• Explicitly revisit that complex pre-test (and the learning outcomes) in lessons, quizzes, and assignments throughout the course, so they can map their progress in understanding the increased complexity.
• Create assignments that focus on key concepts. Design larger projects that require synthesis.
• Give students the same pre-test again at the end of the course, so they can show mastery.

## SANDBOXES strategies in Canvas

• Open your course early so students can get a “lay of the land”.
• Create Discussions or Piazza forums where students can share and respond to ideas and thoughts. Give points to reward constructive feedback that models respectful discourse and risk-taking.
• Have TAs and/or students create many low-stakes practice tests with answer feedback, so other students can take them, fail, and immediately be guided to success.
• Use Discussions to explore material that are graded only based on participation and receives guidance for improvement.

## SKILLS AS STRATEGIES strategies in Canvas

• Reinforce course learning Outcomes by explicitly and repeatedly connecting them to as many elements in the course (lessons, readings, quizzes, tests, discussions, projects, etc.) as possible.
• Use Outcomes to create rubrics for assignments that break down the requisite skills to complete it.
• Let students revisit past quizzes and exams to revisit and retrieve information needed to be successful in later ones.
• Set up Piazza or Discussions for students to teach and learn from each other by, for example, sharing how they solve problems. Reward this sharing.

### Multiple Means of Engagement, Representation, and Expression that support REVEALING SYSTEMS

 SYSTEMS THINKING strategies in CanvasCreate a Piazza or Discussions forum where you pose a wicked problem in your field (how) and challenge students to explain the underlying systems at work in it. Let student explore problems relevant to their interests in Groups (example)Create a coherent and complete syllabus.Write an instructor teaching philosophy (why) to help students understand your approach.Embed an RSS feed (how) from pertinent sources so students can relate course content to current events and the world around them.Use personal journaling (how) for students to relate content to their own life.MEANING AS ACTION strategies in CanvasEmbed videos and other multimedia such as H5P (how), Google Docs (how), Dotstorming, Padlet, Tricider etc. (example) in Pages to make content more interactive.Share personal stories of how you developed a passion for course concepts. Include examples in your Profile and Biography (how) pages.Set up Piazza, Discussions , or link to a Google+ Community (example1, example2) for students to share connections between course content and popular culture, current events, and personally meaningful experiences.In Quizzes or other Assignments, challenge students to find new situations in their embodied lives to relate course content.

These are part of a larger handout here: TEiC Course Design Handouts - Google Docs

Do others have examples of work that aligns Canvas Tools with Good Learning principles?

# The Handmaid's Tale: Canvas Based Game

Posted by Beth Ritter-Guth Sep 14, 2017

In my previous life, I taught English, and one of my favorite texts to teach was Margaret Atwood's novel, The Handmaid's Tale.  I am working with two faculty members (one here at Union and one at Montclair State) this semester to build a student-written game (choose your own adventure model) within Canvas using a Google Docs Temp and then some fancy hyperlinking.

We will be donating the games (and the framework) to the Public Domain through the Canvas Commons.

If anyone is interested in partnering with us, please let me know :-)

# Beyond attractive

Posted by Kristian 505_STF Still Sep 10, 2017

It has been a relatively positive pre-teaching week as far as Canvas is concerned. Beyond making the course look attractive, it is about thinking, learning, and the learning with can orchestrate for our students. I have tended to readily design my own learning assets and resources and signpost or upload links, audio and video. More recently, I have recognised that the students on the course are a wonderful instructional design resource. It does need to look good, and it needs to taste good. Here is where my professional learning this week has taken me. Here is what I have learnt. Beyond using dropped capitals.

Importing parts, whole courses or prefabricated templates into Canvas has numerous benefits (coherence, time efficiency and so on). Adding to the imported content is probably what many proud teachers will do, to customise the learning experience for their students. I learnt this week to ensure that any new resources or learning assets are "published" and that they a placed within a "published" modules.

In trying to solve our "glitch" or "instructor error" we used the student view option in "Settings" to decipher our error.

I regularly signpost the Canvas Community pages, first and foremost, the video guides. These are reliably current In plain English. Short. Well paced. My top tip, offer the instructor "a dual screen set-up" to learn on. One screen plays the video and the other hosts their course where they can make the updates. This approach is more than two times better than switching between browser tabs.

There are also a series of very useful student guides.

Instructors recently introduced to Canvas want access to their professional and teaching resources within Canvas, as soon as possible. In my experience, "Zipped folders" are not commonly used. On the plus side, Canvas handles this zipped folders with ease.

Introduced two staff to using "Groups." In these conversations it was through Discussion forums, to encourage (or force) conversations between students be design. Also, to force conversations between students on a blended course, studying at different Campuses.

Still not absolutely confident on the potential benefits or more creative uses of Modules and Sections.

# Integrating Pearson MyLabs

Posted by Heather Garcia Sep 8, 2017

I posted a couple of questions regarding grading MyLab content in Canvas the other day to a thread called What are your experiences with Pearson MyLab LTI?:

Can I change the points to 0 points after the grade sync, so that the assignment is extra credit?

Do anyone have any tips for making the MyLab assignments extra credit without using weighted grading?

I didn't wait for a response to before seeking advice from our Pearson contact, who shared some useful information that I wanted to share with any one who might be interested:

"Canvas has not been equipped to read gradebook schematics from MyLab. It only imports raw points. In the past, point values could not be manipulated when integrating to the Canvas gradebook. It was purely the value of the number of questions.

And, what I've seen is that changing the point value for integrated publisher assignments won't hold... Canvas could have made updates this summer & there may be improvements that I'm not yet aware of.

The only way to manipulate value in the Canvas gradebook that I'm aware of is through the weights."

As suspected, it looks like we'll have to use weighted grading. As the term progresses, I'll update this post with new information as we discover it.

# Modals/Dialogs without Enchanceable Content/jQuery UI

Posted by Ashley Davis Sep 5, 2017

As everyone probably knows, Canvas will slowly be getting rid of enhanceable_content/jQuery UI, including the pop-up dialogs (accordions are already gone). Below is way to get the effect of a dialog, but using the "element_toggler" ability instead. It has more a lot markup involved than just using the enhanceable_content dialog invocation, so it basically necessitates copy/paste and thus may not be so useful for many. But, it also has more capability (including being able to be wider than 300px). Here is a template below that will look fairly similar to the Canvas native dialogs. I've also added an html file of this to the bottom because code is hard to render on these boards.

<a class="element_toggler" aria-controls="modal_demo"aria-label="Toggle demo modal">Modal/Dialog Trigger Link Title</a></p><div id="modal_demo" style="display: none;">    <div id="modal_overlay" class="ui-widget-overlay container middle-xs center-xs"    style="text-align: left; display: flex; position: fixed; z-index: 11;            left: 84px; top: 0; width: 100%; height: 100%;">        <div id="modal" class="ui-corner-all box-shadow"        style="background-color: #fff; padding: 10px; position: absolute;                width: 100vw; max-width: 600px;">            <div id="modal_header" style="border-bottom: 1px solid #C7CDD1;">                <h2>Modal Title</h2>            </div>            <div id="modal_content">                <p><span>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit.                   Perferendis fugiat libero esse hic, architecto natus provident                   excepturi eveniet repellendus cumque accusamus omnis maxime                   animi odio sunt modi. Inventore numquam, quisquam.</span></p>            </div>            <div id="modal_footer" class="text-right"            style="border-top: 1px solid #C7CDD1; padding: 10px;">                <a class="element_toggler btn btn-primary ui-corner-all"                role="button" aria-controls="modal_demo"                aria-label="Toggle demo modal"><span class="ui-button-text">Close</span>                </a>            </div>        </div>    </div></div>

Some notes:

1. There are 2 element_togglers that both affect the visibility of the modal window. Do not put aria-expanded values on these element_togglers. The style guide tells you to do this, and ordinarily you should if you're only using one element_toggler per toggled element. But if you're toggling the element with more than one element_toggler as this does, defining aria-expanded values will make the aria-expanded values for the element_togglers unsynced, leading to you having to click them twice after the initial click for them to work properly. Not defining them at all eliminates this double-click issue.
2. z-index of at least 11 needed on #modal_overlay div to completely cover the course sidebar on the left.
3. The .middle-xs .center-xs classes and display:flex are to get the modal to show up in the center of the page.
4. The .ui-corner-all class gives your elements nice rounded corners on all sides without having to play around with "border border-round border-trbl". You can get rid of it if you don't want rounded corners.
5.  The .box-shadow class will give you a box shadow on your divs (useful since the editor will strip out the box-shadow attributes)
6. The .ui-widget-overlay class will give you the transparent background for the modal (useful since the editor will strip out rgba and opacity values)
7. Modify the max-width value on the #modal div to change the width of teh modal. Current code has it to be the width of the viewport/screen or 600px, whichever is less.
8. The border values on the #modal_header and #modal_footer divs aren't really needed, just there to make it "look nicer" by separating the modal parts.
9. Of course, you can do other things with it. Change the background colors, stick a Youtube video in the modal content, stick an image in there and simulate a lightbox. Mess around with what the buttons say/do. I'm just using it for vocabulary word definitions. 8) You can probably also simplify this a lot, especially if you aren't interested in getting it to look like the native Canvas dialogs. Here is a simpler version below:
<a class="element_toggler" aria-controls="simple_modal"aria-label="Toggle simple_modal modal">Simple Modal Trigger</a><div id="simple_modal" style="display: none;">    <div class="ui-widget-overlay container middle-xs center-xs"    style="text-align: left; display: flex; position: fixed; z-index: 11;                     left: 84px; top: 0; width: 100%; height: 100%;">        <div id="modal" class="ui-corner-all"              style="background-color: #fff; padding: 10px; position: absolute;                    width: 100vw; max-width: 600px;">            Put all your modal content here!            <div class="text-right">                <a class="element_toggler btn btn-primary ui-corner-all"                role="button" aria-controls="simple_modal"                aria-label="Toggle simple_modal modal">                    <span class="ui-button-text">Close</span>                </a>            </div>        </div>    </div></div>

Disclaimer: Presented without warranty, any claims to longevity, optimum efficiency/semantic adherence, IE and mobile app capability, etc etc

# Canvas-ing design ideas

Posted by Kristian 505_STF Still Sep 3, 2017

Over at KristianStill – BELONG – RESPECT – ASPIRE – ACHIEVE  I posted this early exploration into making Canvas courses appear more enticing. Now I find myself review the Canvas Instructional Designers pages.

This week, on the back of the InstructureCon (Canvas conference), the Canvas blog signposted three Canvas Network’s Educator courses. I decided to dip into Course Design Lab: Add Flair to Your Canvas Course by Gerol Petruzella (Mass. College of Liberal Arts) in an effort to improve the design and UX of my new September courses.

This course is designed as a resource for teachers and designers who want to take their Canvas course above and beyond the norm and give their students a truly engaging learning experience.

The course showcased two threads; "embeded media" and "styling tweaks" mainly achieved through HTML code to improve the look and feel of your course pages.

Course navigation was provided by modules three tiles and then the first use of the excellent HTML code - tabs (more on that shortly, a tweak from module two). You can review the embeddable content examples yourself with this word or caution - any embedded content has to pass your local filtering policy. Discussion forums offered a "swop-shop" style posting, with a handful of additional signposts, I quite liked the Edpuzzle site (although there is not an LTi for Canvas) and due to the strict image filtering at school, I am hoping pixabay.com is open.

The "styling tweaks" are listed in easy, intermediate and advanced.

"Drop Capitals" were quite attractive and the "Content box" and  "Shadow Text Box" clearly define important text. Access to an icon library useful.

Maybe adding Horizontal Line Across the Page (controlling thickness and colour).

<p style="border-top: 1px solid black;"> </p>

All very useful layout or visual signposts and hopefully, these can be added to the Canvas editor in time. However, the styling tweak I am most likely to use the regularly will be tabs. Just a little HTML code offers such improved use of the page estate.

[caption id="attachment_10142" align="aligncenter" width="580"] Taken from Gerol Petruzella's course. The catalyst behind this blog post.[/caption]

There are a number of other Canvas "hacks" showcased on various Canvas pages - sortable content, announcement boxes and popovers for example. I also learnt that in Canvas "alert boxes" and "flash boxes", success=green, alert=orange, error=red and information=blue. For now - I plan to keep it relatively simple for now.

Style tweaks wishlist - "return to top" and for the "Previous" and "Next" buttons be available at the top of the page?

My code notes from Gerol Petruzella's course and other courses and Canvas guides.

### Drop Caps

To add a fancy, elegant visual style to your paragraphs (while keeping your text and design accessible!), frame the first letter within your <p> with a <span> tag, as below:

<p><span style="float: left; width: 0.7em; font-size: 400%; font-family: algerian, courier; line-height: 80%;">I</span>n 65, Seneca was...</p>

A shadow text box is a great way to add a little bit of visual flair and emphasis. It's fairly easy to add the coding using the HTML Editor. You can also change the colors of the border and shadow by changing the background-color and solid line color.

Courtesy of James Henson, U of Alabama at Birmingham -

<div style="margin: 50px 15% 50px 15%; background-color: #ccc;">
<div style="position: relative; top: -20px; left: -20px; padding: 20px; background: #fff; border: 2px solid #ccc;">
<p>Lorem ipsum...</p>
</div>
</div>

Your text/content that you want inside the box goes between the <p> tags.</p>

Here it is again with a blue colour scheme.

<div style="margin: 50px 15% 50px 15%; background-color: #0404B4;">
<div style="position: relative; top: -20px; left: -20px; padding: 20px; background: #58D3F7; border: 2px solid #0404B4;"><p>Your Text...</p>
</div>
</div>

### Borders

Borders are a great way to section your content and emphasize titles. Adding the code is fairly simple in the HTML Editor. You place the code before and after the content you wish to place in the border. Borders can be used for text, pictures, video players, etc.

The code:

<p>some content here</p>
</div>

<!-- Error -->
<p>
</div>
</p>

<!-- Success -->
<p>
</div>
</p>

<p>
</div>
</p>

### Buttons

Buttons are a way of creating interesting links within your course, rather than just using the standard hyperlink in blue text. Buttons can be linked to sections of your course, or you may have them link to external sites.

*Make sure to include the code within a <div> tag.

<div><button class="Button" type="button">My Awesome Button</button></div>

There are different colors and styles of buttons that you can add. I've give some of the basic coding, but for more information, check out the Canvas Style Guide.

### Popups (later pop-overs)

Another great interactive addition to your course is a popup. This allows you to have a button that retrieves a message. This is great for course information, or for instant feedback on something like a quick practice quiz or study tool. There are a lot of possibilities!

All you need to do is add the following code and keep your label and dialog within the correct <div> tags.

Like other buttons, you can also change the color depending on the style of button you choose.

<div id="dialog_for_link1" class="enhanceable_content dialog">Hard work at the start pays dividends at the end</div>

### Icons

Iconx can be added to plain links or text in the course and may also be added to buttons. You'll find the basic code below, but again, check out the icon library to change the icon to something more applicable to your course.

### Tabs

<div class="enhanceable_content tabs">
<ul>
<li><a href="#fragment-1">TAB 1</a></li>
<li><a href="#fragment-2">TAB 2</a></li>
<li><a href="#fragment-3">TAB 3</a></li>
</ul>
<div id="fragment-1">PUT THE CONTENT FOR THE FIRST TAB HERE</div>
<div id="fragment-2">PUT THE CONTENT FOR THE SECOND TAB HERE.</div>
<div id="fragment-3">PUT THE CONTENT FOR THE THIRD TAB HERE</div>
</div>

### Popovers

Hover your cursor over the word "popovers" above, and see what happens! The textbox that will pop-up, will tell you what this example is all about - as will the blue "HTE" text in the following paragraph.

This has been placed in the Advanced module, because while this is a short and simple code snippet, it must be wrapped around the desired term in your text using the HTE which for non-coders can be tricky.

<a
title="Popovers are a word or line of text that when hovered over with a cursor, produces a pop-up text box with explanatory message">
Popovers
</a>

### Background colour

Change the background colour

<div class="content-box pad-box-mini border border-trbl border-round" style="background-color: #f2f2f2;">

### Background colour or a section

<div class="content-box pad-box-mini border border-trbl border-round" style="background-color: #f2f2f2; border: thin solid #ccc;">Add text here</div>

[qrcode_display]

# Rich Content Editor HTML Cheatsheet

Posted by Susan Nugent Aug 31, 2017

Updated 8/26/17. A new option (see 14 below) was added in the August 26, 2017 release. This new option allows users to add media without switching to HTML code. I also wanted to note that the new Teacher mobile app has a simplified version of the rich content editor toolbar that is available when editing content in the app.  Big shout out to the community's mobile guru Ryan Seilhamer for pointing this out in the comments below.

Updated 9/16/16. Please note this cheatsheet is subject to change with Canvas updates. In the August 6, 2016 release notes the rich content editor got some updates and added functionality with pages and the syllabus. You may also want to check out the following discussion about the changes.

Friendly advice: Disable "Use remote version of Rich Content Editor AND sidebar"

Below is an image of the toolbar highlighted with numbers of each command. Each numbered command has a code example with some tips on using in the HTML Editor.

## 1-Bold

### Code example:

<strong>Some Text</strong>

### Notes:

The Strong element is used bold text. It is generally not recommended to use the strong element to create page headings. Use the actual heading elements to create this type of structure. See number 20 below for details on why.

## 2-Italics

### Code Example:

<em>Some Text</em>

### Notes:

Italics should be used to emphasize text and should be used sparely on webpages. Depending on font it can be hard to read italicized text on monitor.

## 3-Underline

### Code Example:

<u>Some Text</u>

### Notes:

This element can be used to emphasize text; however, in on webpages underlined text is often confused with hyperlink text. I generally don't recommend using this element.

## 4-Text Color

### Code Example:

<span style="color: #ff0000;">Some Text</span

### Notes:

This command creates a span element and inline CSS (the style attribute) to create the colored text. The style attribute can be applied to any text element such as paragraphs and headers. In the toolbar there are only about 40 colors to choose from; however, in the code view you can change the color to any color you want by altering the hex color code. Two of my favorites place to find hex color codes are http://www.colourlovers.com/colors  and Adobe Color CC.

## 5-Background Color

### Code Example:

<span style="background-color: #ff9900;">content</span>

### Notes:

This command uses the span element and inline CSS (the style attribute) to create the background color. This should be used cautiously with text. If the background color and text color do not have enough contrast between them, the text can be hard to read. In the example below the text is hard to read. This can be especially hard on color blind people or people like who are losing their sight to old age. For further reading, view this Smashing Magazine article, Design Accessibly, See Differently: Color Contrast Tips And Tools.

On a side note, the Jive editor does not have background color element in the toolbar and does strip it when you try to add in code view so I had to use an image for this example.

## 6-Clear Formatting

### Notes:

This option is handy for getting rid of the extra HTML code that sometimes comes over when you copy and paste text from other locations such as from Word or other websites. It is important to note that this option works with most elements but doesn't seem to work with the background element (see number 5 above). You can go to code view to remove the span element. If you are designer, I recommend using the text editor that has a good find and replace command to remove any extra HTML and CSS code that you don't want before moving the text to Canvas. I use Dreamweaver's find and replace for this type of task a lot and it saves me quite a bit of time.

## 7-Text Alignment

### Code Examples:

There are three alignment options. These attributes can be applied to headings and paragraph elements. The left alignment is the default in the editor. Note: It is best to only use center and right alignment for headers or short lines of text. It is generally not recommended for longer lines of text because the text is hard to read.

<p style="text-align: left;">Paragraph of text</p> <p style="text-align: center;">Paragraph of text</p> <p style="text-align: right;">Paragraph of text</p> 

### Notes:

For further reading I recommend the WebAIM articles, Writing Clearly and Simply and Text/Typographical Layout.

## 8- Outdent/Indent

### Code Example:

What this option does depends on element it is applied to in the code. See examples below.

When applied to paragraph element the style attribute is applied to the paragraph element with padding of 30 pixels.

<p style="padding-left: 30px;">Some text</p>

When applied to an unordered or ordered list a new nested list is created.

<ul><li>Some Text</li>     <ul>     <li>Some indented text</li>     </ul></ul>

### Notes:

See 11 and 12 for more details on lists.

## 9-Superscript

### Code Example:

H<sup>2</sup>0

### Notes:

Be sure to only select the text that should be superscript when applying this command. You can always switch to code view to fix any issues that you might not be able to fix with the toolbar.

## 10-Subscript

### Code Example:

2<sub>4</sub>

### Notes:

The same applies as number 9 above.

## 11-Unordered List

### Code Example:

<ul><li>List Item</li><li>List item</li><li>List Item</li></ul>

### Notes:

Unordered lists are good for list of items where the sequence of the items does not matter. Lists can be nested using the indent option. I have found this to be tricky sometimes so I prefer to edit lists in code view. See example of nested list in number 8.

## 12-Order List

### Code Example:

<ol><li>Do this first</li><li>Do this second</li><li>Do this third</li></ol>

### Notes:

Order lists are good when you are giving students a set of an instructions for homework assignments. You can alter the list number to display letters if preferred. This must be done in code view. See example code below.

<ol type="a"><li>Do this first</li><li>Do this second</li><li>Do this third</li></ol>

## 13-Table

### Code Example:

Table code involves several different elements. See code example below.

<table border="0"><caption>Caption</caption><tbody><tr><td>Row 1</td><td>28</td></tr><tr><td>Row 2</td><td>23</td></tr></tbody></table>

### Notes:

The new toolbar has a much improved table editor so you may not need to switch to code view that much now. I will note that tables should only be used for tabular data; however, the majority of people do not use them this way. This stems from some bad web design hacks from the late 90s which can still spark heated debate about their use in designing webpages. The key point to remember is that you want your pages to be accessible to all. For further reading, visit the WebAIM article, Creating Accessible Tables.

## 14-Insert/Edit Media

This is a new edition to the toolbar in the August 26, 2017 Canvas release. This option allows you to add a share link or embed code from a video on video sharing site like YouTube, Vimeo, or Teacher Tube without needing to switch to HTML view. If you add the share link the embed code will auto populate. You can determine the video dimensions and provide an alternative source for the video.

### Code Example:

<a href="http://www.google.com">Google</a>

### Notes:

The color of the link is controlled by the CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) that is linked to the HTML document. See Canvas Styleguide for more details. For further reading, read the WebAIM article, Links and Hypertext and Accessible CSS.

## 16-Picture

### Code Example:

<img src="https://farm4.static.flickr.com/3433/3927529272_e6e5448807.jpg" alt="dog" width="500" height="332" />

### Notes:

Images can be pulled from the web or Canvas files. Images do have several attributes you can add to it. When you add or edit the image in the editor the dialog box has options for adding alternative text and changing the width and height attributes. It is important to note that students must use this option to embed images in discussions. Be sure to vote for Upload an image directly to a discussion as a student when it becomes available for voting. For further reading, read the WebAIM article, Accessible Images.

## 17-Symbol

### Code Example:

<img class="equation_image" title="\frac{3}{4}+5" src="/equation_images/%255Cfrac%257B3%257D%257B4%257D%2B5" alt="\frac{3}{4}+5" />

### Notes:

When this option is used in the editor the equation editor will display. You can use the editor options or write the equations in LaTex. The equation will be rendered as an image with the LaTex as alternative text.

## 18-Embedded Objects, Media Comment & Other LTI Tools

### Code Example:

<iframe width="640" height="360"src="//www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/WetLiIvTwZE?rel=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

### Notes:

When using the LTI and Media Comment tools the content in most cases will be embedded objects. The main issue with some of the LTI Tools is unsecure content. Canvas is hosted on secure server and almost all browsers will now block unsecured embedded content on secure webpages. You can also paste embed code from YouTube. You can also embed documents such as GoogleDocs and Microsoft Documents.

## 19-Text Direction

### Code Example:

<p dir="rtl">Some text</p>

### Notes:

This attribute is essential for setting how script languages will display on the webpage. For more details, go to the WC3 article, Structural markup and right-to-left text in HTML

## 20-Font Sizes

### Code Example:

<span style="font-size: x-large;">some text</span>

### Notes:

Uses the span element and inline CSS (the style attribute) to create the larger text. It is generally not recommended to use this option. See number 20 below on why.

### Code Example:

The paragraph element wraps the paragraphs. Paragraphs will have specified paddings and margins from the linked CSS document.  You can use the style attribute to change the font and margins if desired to have a different look that the default editor settings. I generally don't recommend doing that for all your pages because you must edit each element to make this change. That is too much work. A better option would be to get your IT people at your institution to setup KennethWare. I am working with ours to hopefully get this setup for our instance of Canvas.

#### Paragraph

<p>Some body text</p>

<h1>Some Header text</h1>

#### Preformatting

<pre>Some Text that will display as you type it</pre>

### Notes:

Paragraphs and headings are considered structural elements in HTML and are essential to making your pages accessible to all. For further reading, visit the WebAIM articles, Semantic Structure and Designing for Screen Reader Compatibility. I also recommend viewing the recording of the CanvasLIVE webinar Mobile Series: Just-in-Time Design (2014) and joining the Canvas Mobile Users

## 22-Keyboard Shortcuts

The keyboard shortcut icon was added recently and provides a quick view of the keyboard shortcuts you can use with rich content editor. See the following discussion about the keyboard shortcuts and other hidden gems in Canvas.

Your ideas of Canvas' best kept secrets

## 23-HTML View

Use the HTML editor to switch to code view so you can edit the code. Please note there are only certain HTML elements (Tags) that are allowed in the editor and any elements added that are not allowed will be stripped out of the page when you save the page.

# It's Game Day (in Canvas): Using Commercial Video Games in Higher Ed

Posted by Beth Ritter-Guth Aug 7, 2017

Greetings, fellow Canvas Designers!

I have been a lurker here for quite a few years, but am trying to participate more in the community.  I am wondering if anyone else is using commercial video games (Fallout, Mass Effects, GTA, etc.) to teach, and, if so, are you able to do it within Canvas?

I use video games to teach literature, as I truly believe that video games are a form of literature (and as equally valid as poetry, drama, short stories, essays, et al).  Research indicates that young men do not read, but clearly they didn't include video game manuals in that study!  I have found that pairing commercial games with canonical content provides substantial scaffolding for students with low reading interest.

For example...

When I taught FT (before my new life as an admin), I taught mostly classical literature and technical writing.  Dante's Inferno was one of the texts covered, and students would become experts on a level in the poem and then would play that "similar" level in the XBox game (or play with a student worker if not a gamer). The students would compare and contrast the game and write an essay discussing their findings.  The essay was what was graded - not the game play.

I am interested in collaborating with others interested in using this approach and then figuring out a way to leverage Canvas to deliver the content to students and to the OER community.

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