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2019
  
   
    

The Benefits of Automated Grading-

    

Using digital testing gives teachers the opportunity to quickly perform pre-assessments that can guide teachers forward in curriculum.

    
         
  • Using digital testing gives teachers time. Teachers often spend hours in a week grading papers, projects, homework, and tests. Digital testing frees up some of that time for them to be able to spend in planning.
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  • Using digital testing allows for an increase in feedback for both the teacher and the student. Exit tickets give teachers immediate feedback on how the lesson was received and understood for the next day (or even the next period). Automated grading gives the teacher the opportunity for students to have a better sense of their knowledge along the way. I would even go as far to say that there are definite times assessments should not be in the grade book. Use this option as a tool to help students learn what they need to learn. In many digital platforms like below in the LMS Canvas when setting up quizzes you can actually give students multiple attempts so that it is not only an assessment tool for the teacher but it allows the student the opportunity to master the concept by going back and practicing/studying and taking the assessment again.
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  • Are you assessing in order to have grades in a grade book or are you assessing to know what your students know to get them to the ultimate goal of mastery of your curriculum concepts?
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  • If you aligned the questions you entered into a quiz with an outcome (i.e.- standard, essential understanding) and you then knew what individual concept your students were not understanding, would you use that information for each student?
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  • What if data helped you drive your day to day instructional strategies? Would that immediate feedback be useful to you? Could you adapt your standard mode of operation to include rethinking the next day’s curriculum instead of grading papers for 1–2 hours every day?
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The HOW of Data Mining inside of Canvas

    

Much of the feedback I hear from teachers that don’t want to use digital assessments is because of fear that students would have access to assessments because the answers are “out there.” Breaches are possible, we hear about them daily but I firmly believe the benefits you can have as a teacher due to digital assessments far outweighs the potential detriments of having to make a new test. I also believe wholeheartedly that Canvas offers many ways to make a test more secure.

    

Create Question Banks- When creating assessment questions inside of Canvas, you have the ability to create question banks to group concepts.

    
         
  • Open Quizzes
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  • Click 3 vertical dots at top right and choose “Manage Question Banks”
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  • Click on “Add Question Bank”
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  • Once you add the question bank you hit enter and can now go in and edit it to add questions.
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When adding question banks, think about what categories you want to create for the test at hand. Think about the outcomes you want your students to master within the test. Now create some banks that will allow you to test your students using different questions regarding those same outcomes. For instance, if I am teaching students the concept of the differences between vertebrates and invertebrates I could have a question bank with the label “vertebrate/invertebrate” and add multiple choice questions inside that would ask which animal is vertebrate.

    

Why do this? I can then add a question in the quiz that would chose one question from that bank but different students would have a high probability of receiving a different question than their neighbor. The more questions you add to the question banks, the more likely the tests will be different for each student. Did I mention you can upload question banks to Canvas as well?

   
  
  
  
   
    

Alignment of Quiz Questions to Outcomes/Standards- Create Outcomes that align to your course mapping.

    

Now that you have created question groups, you have the chance to take the feedback to the next level. Attach the questions to outcomes associated to your course https://community.canvaslms.com/docs/DOC-15059-4152794717. You could also associate the outcomes as you add the questions in one fluid step of creation. Outcomes can be found in the navigation toolbar within a course (you will need to create these as well). Any teacher worth their salt can grade a stack of tests and see patterns of lack of comprehension, it’s part of being a teacher. But with digital testing you have the ability to look at that data in a whole new way. To drive instruction forward for your entire class, select groups, or individuals. Not only that, what if you could see the mastery from year to year? What if last year’s math teacher could tell you the fundamental struggles the students you are about to teach have?

    

Why do this? Data is a four letter word but it doesn’t have to be a bad word. We as educators tend to think of data as something being done to us, but by creating outcomes that match our course mapping, we can see how well students are understanding individual concepts as detailed or big-picture as we want to know. The benefit of attaching outcomes to quiz questions is two-fold:

    
         
  1. It allows you to see the details of what concepts your students are grasping. It allows you to see more detailed information for each student beyond the quiz analytics currently available. It allows you to adjust and fill in gaps for students.
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  3. It helps you, as an educator, to intentionally think about your assessments in terms of the learning outcomes associated with your course. This can aid a teacher in creating assessment questions that are meaningful for feedback.
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If these concepts seem interesting to you. Check out how your can use Mastery Paths inside of the LMS Canvas to differentiate the learning pathway based on student need.

   
  
  
   
    
     
      
       

       
       
            
      
      
       
        
         
          
           
            
           
          
         
        
       
      
      
       
        
              
       
      
     
    
   
  
  
   
    
     
     
     
            
    
   
  

I wanted to type out a quick little blurb on our K-12 experience with the new Google Assignments integration and how we are using simultaneously with the older Google LTI integration. The older integration is the one that adds the "Google Docs Cloud Assignment" option for an External Tool submission. We have had numerous issues with that one. Our biggest issue was students who are unable to authenticate their Google accounts with Canvas. We were having to delete authentication tokens and clear cache and other troubleshooting steps. This occurred frequently with the teachers that were trying to use it daily.

We are trying out the Google Assignments integration and (so far) it is working a lot better. I won't go into the details of how it works because someone already did that. Also there is a great webinar that shows off the features. I just wanted to type this up for anyone who wants a way to have both of the integrations without confusing your users too much.

 

 

Modifying the Google Assignments XML

I had a problem with installing the new LTI because I did not want to delete the older integration in case someone was using it with no issues. So instead, I slightly modified the XML that google provided here and added the word "Beta" next to to all of the links to the newer integration so people wouldn't get them confused. Here is a screenshot of what they look like together with my modifications:

 

 

External Tool AssignmentAdd to ModuleRCE Links
add External Tool to moduleRCE External Tool picker

 

If you would like to do the same thing, you can use my edited version of the XML below. I only changed the English translation. When you add the app to your account, use the "Paste XML" configuration type and paste this information into the XML Configuration box:

<cartridge_basiclti_link xmlns="http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/imslticc_v1p0" xmlns:blti="http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/imsbasiclti_v1p0" xmlns:lticm="http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/imslticm_v1p0" xmlns:lticp="http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/imslticp_v1p0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/imslticc_v1p0 http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/lti/ltiv1p0/imslticc_v1p0.xsd http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/imsbasiclti_v1p0 http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/lti/ltiv1p0/imsbasiclti_v1p0.xsd http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/imslticm_v1p0 http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/lti/ltiv1p0/imslticm_v1p0.xsd http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/imslticp_v1p0 http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/lti/ltiv1p0/imslticp_v1p0.xsd">
<blti:title>Google Assignments (Beta)</blti:title>
<blti:description>
This is the New Google Assignments integration for testing purposes only.
</blti:description>
<blti:extensions platform="canvas.instructure.com">
<lticm:options name="editor_button">
<lticm:property name="message_type"> ContentItemSelectionRequest</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="url">https://assignments.google.com/lti/e</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="icon_url">
https://www.gstatic.com/images/branding/product/1x/drive_16dp.png
</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="text">Google Drive (Beta)</lticm:property>
<lticm:options name="labels">
<lticm:property name="bg">Google Диск</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="ca">Google Drive</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="cs">Disk Google</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="da">Google Drev</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="es">Google Drive</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="fr">Google Drive</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="hi">Google डिस्क</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="hr">Google disk</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="ja">Google ドライブ</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="ko">Google 드라이브</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="lt">„Google“ diskas</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="lv">Google disks</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="no">Google Disk</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="pl">Dysk Google</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="ru">Google Диск</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="sk">Disk Google</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="sr">Google диск</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="th">Google ไดรฟ์</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="uk">Google Диск</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="zh-CN">Google 云端硬盘</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="zh-TW">Google 雲端硬碟</lticm:property>
</lticm:options>
<lticm:property name="selection_width">690</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="selection_height">530</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="enabled">true</lticm:property>
</lticm:options>
<lticm:options name="link_selection">
<lticm:property name="message_type"> ContentItemSelectionRequest</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="url">https://assignments.google.com/lti/e</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="icon_url">
https://www.gstatic.com/images/branding/product/1x/drive_16dp.png
</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="text">Google Drive (Beta)</lticm:property>
<lticm:options name="labels">
<lticm:property name="bg">Google Диск</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="ca">Google Drive</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="cs">Disk Google</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="da">Google Drev</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="es">Google Drive</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="fr">Google Drive</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="hi">Google डिस्क</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="hr">Google disk</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="ja">Google ドライブ</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="ko">Google 드라이브</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="lt">„Google“ diskas</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="lv">Google disks</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="no">Google Disk</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="pl">Dysk Google</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="ru">Google Диск</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="sk">Disk Google</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="sr">Google диск</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="th">Google ไดรฟ์</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="uk">Google Диск</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="zh-CN">Google 云端硬盘</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="zh-TW">Google 雲端硬碟</lticm:property>
</lticm:options>
<lticm:property name="selection_width">690</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="selection_height">530</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="enabled">true</lticm:property>
</lticm:options>
<lticm:options name="homework_submission">
<lticm:property name="message_type"> ContentItemSelectionRequest</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="url">https://assignments.google.com/lti/e</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="icon_url">
https://www.gstatic.com/images/branding/product/1x/drive_16dp.png
</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="text">Google Drive (Beta)</lticm:property>
<lticm:options name="labels">
<lticm:property name="bg">Google Диск</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="ca">Google Drive</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="cs">Disk Google</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="da">Google Drev</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="es">Google Drive</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="fr">Google Drive</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="hi">Google डिस्क</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="hr">Google disk</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="ja">Google ドライブ</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="ko">Google 드라이브</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="lt">„Google“ diskas</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="lv">Google disks</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="no">Google Disk</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="pl">Dysk Google</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="ru">Google Диск</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="sk">Disk Google</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="sr">Google диск</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="th">Google ไดรฟ์</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="uk">Google Диск</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="zh-CN">Google 云端硬盘</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="zh-TW">Google 雲端硬碟</lticm:property>
</lticm:options>
<lticm:property name="selection_width">820</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="selection_height">450</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="enabled">true</lticm:property>
</lticm:options>
<lticm:options name="assignment_selection">
<lticm:property name="message_type"> ContentItemSelectionRequest</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="url">https://assignments.google.com/lti/a</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="icon_url">
https://www.gstatic.com/prof/logo_assignments_16dp.png
</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="text">Google Assignments (Beta)</lticm:property>
<lticm:options name="labels">
<lticm:property name="bg">Google Задачи</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="ca">Tasques de Google</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="cs">Úkoly Google</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="da">Google Opgaver</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="el">Εργασίες Google</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="es">Tareas de Google</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="eu">Google Lanak</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="fr">Devoirs Google</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="hr">Google zadaci</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="it">Google Compiti</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="ja">Google アサインメント</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="ko">Google 과제</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="lt">„Google“ užduotys</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="lv">Google uzdevumi</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="ms">Tugasan Google</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="nl">Google Opdrachten</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="no">Google Oppgaver</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="pl">Projekty Google</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="pt-BR">Google Atividades</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="pt-PT">Tarefas do Google</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="ru">Google Задания</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="sk">Zadania Google</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="sl">Google Naloge</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="sr">Google задаци</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="sv">Google Uppgifter</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="vi">Google Bài tập</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="zh-CN">Google 作业</lticm:property>
</lticm:options>
<lticm:property name="selection_width">690</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="selection_height">530</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="enabled">true</lticm:property>
</lticm:options>
<lticm:property name="domain">google.com</lticm:property>
<lticm:property name="privacy_level">public</lticm:property>
</blti:extensions>
<blti:secure_launch_url>https://assignments.google.com/lti/e</blti:secure_launch_url>
<blti:secure_icon>
https://www.gstatic.com/images/branding/product/1x/drive_16dp.png
</blti:secure_icon>
</cartridge_basiclti_link>

The changes from the XML provided by Google are on lines 2,4,13, 47, 81, and 115. I hope that helps someone!

Thinking about ways we can use Canvas in teaching Science I came up with a few ideas including:

  • Using Simulations - finding online simulations to duplicate or try out dangerous or expensive experiments that are difficult to do in class.  these an be embedded directly into a Canvas page.  
  • Organising Inquiry projects - use the group spaces in Canvas to have students collaborate and store their files, documents, images etc  in a place they can all access anytime anyplace.
  • Science Journal -  set up individual discussion spaces (either use groups or assign to one student) for students to keep a reflective journal on their learning. Let students add files, record themselves or their experiments and use it for ongoing feedback.
  • Use videos - include video from the wealth of resources available online.  Have students record their own video to share. Record your own video and flip the classroom.
  • Investigate real time data - Look for real time data feeds for weather, energy use, population, traffic, disasters earthquakes etc. Embed the data in a Canvas page and students can look at the data as it happens and follow trends, look for patterns and make predictions.
  • Become citizen scientists - Students can participate in real science data analysis in many subject areas. Embed the website in Canvas and  be part of a real study.  Most areas of science have current projects.  Search for "citizen science" to find something that will fir with your current topic.
  • Communicate with real scientists - use communication tools to ask real scientists questions.  Many organisations including museums have a "ask a scientist" where real questions can be posed and answered.
  • Station rotation - If you lack devices for everyone in the class organise some different activities and have students rotate through.  Set up stations with different activities or experiments, paired or small group work, technology based activity, and dedicated teacher instruction.
  • Use playlists - let students choose from a list of activities, set up a Canvas page with lists of readings, interactive games, videos, projects, inquiries.Let students decide what to do by setting parameters for example -  watch 3 out of 5 videos, read 1 out of 4 articles,  do 2 out of 3 simulations and choose the final assessment from 3 alternatives. 

 

Can anyone add to these ideas?

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