Can you resubmit an assignment passed the due date?
If you're asking as a student then it depends on if your Instructor has set an "until" date for the Assignment. If so, then no, you wouldn't be able to submit after the due date. Yet, even if your Instructor has left the Assignment open past the due date it's up to your Instructor whether or not they will accept late work. For this you would want to check your course syllabus and with the Instructor.
If you are the Instructor asking this question, then yes, students can submit assignments past the due date, but not past the until date.
In general, yes. The instructor will see it marked as late in the gradebook and speedgrader. However, there are "From/Until" dates the instructor can set, that limit submissions to only a certain time period, and if the "Until" date has passed, submissions won't be allowed.
There's also a tech issue with explorer/edge, which sometimes doesn't allow students to submit an assignment. Those students are being directed to use a different browser.
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