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Canvas API Pagination in PHP Returns Empty Link Header (first, last, next...)

Question asked by Larry Robertson on Apr 18, 2019
Latest reply on Apr 18, 2019 by Larry Robertson

I am having a problem that was discussed back in 2016 but not in the context of PHP and for that reason I have created a new question.


To test the API's pagination I initially use curl.exe from the command line. Downloaded from

After getting the desired output in curl.exe I then try to code the equivalent in PHP.


Here is a simple test to show the problem, first curl.exe (This Works Great!)

  1. Copy the curl.exe, libcurl.dll and curl-ca-bundle.crt to your user folder "C:\Users\yourname" or somewhere that the path environment point to.
  2. Run the following command: curl -I -H "Authorization: Bearer <access token>" ""


Output will be similar to this and includes the Link information:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Thu, 18 Apr 2019 15:55:56 GMT
Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
Connection: keep-alive
Server: Apache
X-Request-Cost: 0.06349024999995452
X-Session-Id: cb1a15055322ef70bf5b902bbdbc41efd2
Cache-Control: max-age=0, private, must-revalidate
X-Request-Context-Id: 70b3554e6-6ff0-4ae5-91dc-83f56ff811fe5
Strict-Transport-Security: max-age=31536000
X-Rate-Limit-Remaining: 700.0
X-Canvas-Meta: q=1161;at=70006388081375;dk=170000000000016;a=10;g=ff2e57860-fa55b-012d-f7b3-123135003972;s=7;c=cluster7;z=us-east-1e;o=courses;n=index;b=1759500;m=1759500;u=0.05;y=0.01;d=0.01;
X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block
X-Canvas-User-Id: 0
Link: <>; rel="current",<>; rel="next",<>; rel="first",<>; rel="last"
X-UA-Compatible: IE=Edge,chrome=1
X-Frame-Options: SAMEORIGIN
X-Runtime: 0.071511
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
Set-Cookie: _csrf_token=0%3D%3D; path=/; secure
Set-Cookie: log_session_id=cb1a1505322ef709bf5b902b64bdbc41efd2; path=/
Set-Cookie: canvas_session=eTGtkot3wxtZe9-05UTQbg.MJc9xp7fa94aN9pa0MZQpcvE4883i2S4b8ErHTq7MoxIozXDjDBvtLA9Xc4XQVpNu8ufGWjceNTcC3nuCqJ9K3Yey0XYSRNH1nDkRjaGpkP6fmp7v8F63UWgo7cj42TxS7kO.E2O9XaI6YnK_yy9VxcHWkbRmn60.XLieDA; path=/; secure; HttpOnly
X-Request-Processor: 03ac2639275afeb78d06
X-A11y-Ally: Dana Danger Grey
ETag: W/"a958afacfd57c80097aee24f9f2fbea869b"
Status: 200 OK
P3P: CP="None, see"


Next try it in PHP


$url = '';
$curl = curl_init();
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array(
'Authorization: Bearer ' . '<access token>',
'Content-Type: application/json'

//curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, 1);
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_HEADER, 1);
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);

$result = curl_exec($curl);
//$i = curl_getinfo($curl);
//var_dump($i) . '<br/>';
var_dump($result) . '<br/>';

die("Connection Failure");



Output will be similar to this and includes the Link information with no urls for current, first and last:

Link: ; rel="current",; rel="next",; rel="first",; rel="last"


I can't figure out why the urls (i.e. <>) are not being output. Is there a curl_setopt that I'm missing?


Can anyone help me with this problem?

Thank you for any help you can give me.