How do I view the course list as an admin. It needs to include the term, course name, instructor, etc.
If you are logged in with an account that has an admin role, you should be able to just look under Admin > Courses to see a (paginated) list of courses.
There isn't really a built-in way to export a course list in the kind of format that you're talking about. You can run a report under Admin > Settings > Reports > Provisioning to get a complete list of courses in .csv format, but it doesn't include the instructor, and the term will be displayed with the term_ID, not the term name.
Retrieving data ...